Kyle Chattleton is a fifth year PhD candidate in Critical and Comparative Studies at UVA. His research—drawing upon a number of disciplines, primarily ethnomusicology and sound studies—broadly explores how sound becomes an affective site for political expression, as well as how those expressions are strategized, regulated, and articulate power relations. He is currently working on a dissertation centering on the sonic violence of the Unite the Right Rally, historical reverberations of white supremacy that were manifested at the event, and the local use of sound to destabilize oppressive institutions of power.
Brittany Z. Crowley is a first year doctoral student in the Curry Programs in Clinical and School Psychology. Her research interests broadly include sexual victimization in correctional facilities, crimes against children, youth violence, and juvenile justice. Within the scope of the PVI Collective, her research is focusing on indiscriminate shackling of juvenile defendants, specifically whether shackling impacts public perceptions of juvenile defendants of different races and ethnicities.
Macario Garcia is a fifth year anthropology PHD candidate. Their research investigates how mobility inside one American maximum-security prison indexes what counts as alive and human. Analysis centers on ethnographic data about incarcerated people and correctional staff’s physical and material movement. First, the project explores how restricted mobility disrupts captive’s animacy hierarchies and how they utilize everyday materials to simultaneously construct the Human category and create feelings of personal movement. Second, it investigates correctional staff’s fear that they are too similar to their captives, leading workers to restrict mobility as a means to elevate themselves to Human status. This analysis reveals the constant movement occurring in prison and argues that incarceration relies upon assumptions that humans feel mobility in specific ways in order to demonstrate how specific people become targets for incarceration and extermination.
Lucy Guarnera I want my research to inform public policy to improve the fairness and accuracy of the justice system--particularly for those who are most vulnerable, including individuals with mental illness, adolescents, minorities, and victims of sexual violence. With the UVA Institute of Law, Psychiatry, and Public Policy, my research has focused on the problems of unreliability and bias in forensic psychology and forensic science. With the UVA Psychology Department, I conduct community-based research focused on children, families, and the law. For example, my dissertation research involved interviewing women who became pregnant from rape in order to better understand their unique experiences within the legal system.
With my PVI Fellowship funding, I will investigate how misperceptions about race, mental illness, and violence might interact to discourage jurors from rendering Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity verdicts for eligible defendants--particularly black defendants—in light of a common legal rule prohibiting jurors from being informed about what happens to insanity acquitees after trial.
Quinn Hirschi is a first year PhD student in Social Psychology. Broadly, her research investigates how social psychological theory and methodology can be leveraged to understand and improve underrepresented students' experiences in school. The goal of her project is to learn more about how the race-based violence that occurred in Charlottesville on August 11 and 12, 2017 will impact underrepresented minority students’ perceptions of social belonging in a local high school. She will also examine whether a brief social belonging intervention delivered just days before the events buffered against any decline in belonging caused by the events, particularly among underrepresented minority students.
Maya Hislop is a seventh year in the PhD program in English at UVa. She studies African American and American literatures and cultures of the twentieth and twenty first centuries. Her dissertation places black women at the center of a contemporary examination of the gaps and closures between law and literature as they represent sexual violence and race. Each chapter investigates a dialogue between an historical legal rape case/trial and a novel from the same era. Maya also performs improvisational comedy in her spare time and it has inspired her to use her next project to study the interplay between humor, race, gender, and sexuality in contemporary black women’s fiction.
Trina Kumodzi is a third-year PhD student in the School of Nursing. Her broader objective is to increase awareness of firearms’ effects on human health and well-being through research, advocacy, and policy. She examines the prevalence of firearm violence and the resulting injuries/deaths through a structural violence lens. Her analysis is informed by an awareness of the sociodemographic factors that create environments where inequity and deprivation (i.e., structural violence) manifest in direct violence. She is currently conducting a secondary data analysis of fatal and non-fatal firearm injury in the United States for all patients treated for firearm-related injuries secondary to interpersonal violence, self-harm, and unintentional injury.
Indu Ohri is a seventh-year English PhD student at the University of Virginia. She is expected to complete her dissertation, “The Cultural Anxieties in Victorian Women’s Ghost Stories, 1847-1920” in May 2018. Her project examines how the ghosts in women’s supernatural fiction reflect various unspeakable social concerns of late Victorian and early twentieth-century Britain. Her article examining the ways in which Amelia Edwards’s ghost stories offer an ecocritical critique of the destructive effects of Victorian tourism has appeared in the Victorians Institute Journal Digital Annex 42. Her current project for the PVI Fellowship focuses on representations of family violence in Victorian and Edwardian supernatural fiction by Ellen Wood, Edith Nesbit, and May Sinclair. She argues that the ghosts of abused women and children must ally with living intercessors in order to help other victims come to terms with their traumatic experiences and become survivors of abuse.
Paromita Sen is a Ph.D. Candidate in the Politics Department at the University of Virginia. Her research focuses on the intersection of gender and social movements, specifically those surrounding issues of women's physical security and Violence Against Women. Her dissertation, When Protest Made the State, explores the recent phenomena of increased public interest in violence against women, evidenced by the spate of mass protests against rape in developing countries such as India and Turkey. She finds that governments use public outrage about rape to increase their punitive power over marginalized populations and strengthen their surveillance policies amongst others. Violence against women as an issue area proves to be particularly prone to State capture as it allows for narratives of protection and safety to supersede narratives of autonomy and citizen rights, thus justifying State co-optation of the movement, and democratic civil liberties by extension. The project therefore contributes a new approach to understanding the classical security-liberty debate, by reimagining how citizens perceive security and violence in the public sphere. Her additional research interests lie in the realms of women politicians and their relation to questions of representation and leadership, development interventions and their gendered consequences and questions of representation for marginalized and/or vulnerable communities.
Jennifer Simons is a 4th year PhD student in the Politics Department. Her research focuses on questions of identity (namely nationalism, gender, race, and religion) and extremism in European politics. Her dissertation work looks at the rhetoric of far-right parties in France, Germany and Switzerland, arguing that the successes of many radical right-wing parties in Europe can be traced back to significant changes in their discourse.
In particular, changes in the way these parties have interacted with and appealed to women and some minority groups within society have elicited a new kind of perceived legitimacy for these parties amongst the broader public. Jennifer is additionally interested in broader questions of secularism, intersectionality, and populism, as well as developments in political and sociological methodology.
Jeremy Sorgen is a PhD student of religious studies. He uses phenomenological methods to model certain features of moral experience like the structure of moral action, the perception of values, and the embodiment of social norms. His recent research focuses on strategies in social movements to motivate response and strategies of mediation to facilitate violence. While this research necessarily crosscuts a number of fields, he draws primarily on phenomenology, philosophical ethics, and pragmatic social theory.
Jieun Sung is a second-year Ph.D. student in the program in Social Foundations at the Curry School of Education. Broadly, her research examines the role of education and schooling in the resettlement experiences of refugees. Her current study focuses on how refugee students engage with an ESOL course for adult learners, and seeks to situate such experiences of schooling within the overall context of resettlement.